... (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the action of the President in retaining unsigned a bill passed by Congress within the last ten days of a session and thus causing it to die. If Congress prevents the bill's return by adjourning during the 10-day period, and the president does not sign the bill, a "pocket veto" occurs and the bill does not become law. Write your definition below each item. See also: List of United States presidential vetoes, Line-item veto in the United States, and Pocket veto Proposed legislation (bills) that is passed by both houses of Congress is presented to the President, in their capacity as head of the Executive Branch of the U.S. federal government. State governors have similar veto and pocket veto powers, and state legislatures usually are required to override vetoes by a two-thirds majority of both houses. In 1929, the United States Supreme Court ruled in the Pocket Veto Case that a bill had to be returned to the chamber while it is in session and capable of work. The latter action is referred to as a pocket veto. Omissions? If the president had chosen to veto the bill, he would have been required to return it to the chamber in which it originated, in this case the House of Representatives. Why? The veto becomes effective when the President fails to sign a bill after Congress has adjourned and is unable to override the veto. Both George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton made similar attempts,[16] and Abraham Lincoln used it against the Wade–Davis Bill in 1864. Instead, in January 2008, the House effectively killed H.R. veto [Lat.,=I forbid], power of one functionary (e.g., the president) of a government, or of one member of a group or coalition, to block the operation of laws or agreements passe Definition of pocket veto : an indirect veto of a legislative bill by an executive through retention of the bill unsigned until after adjournment of the legislature Other Words from pocket veto Example Sentences Learn More about pocket veto Other Words from pocket veto Describe 2 ways … English Language Learners Definition of line-item veto US : a power that allows a president, governor, etc., to officially reject specific parts of a proposed bill without rejecting the entire bill See the full definition for line-item veto in the English Language Learners Dictionary He must sign or veto the entire appropriations act. pocket veto - The Constitution grants the president 10 days to review a measure passed by the Congress. n. 1. Divided government: Unified government: Gridlock: Electoral college: Bully pulpit: Veto message: Pocket veto: Line-item veto: Signing statement: Pyramid structure: Circular structure: Ad … Pocket veto, the killing of legislation by a chief executive through a failure to act within a specified period following the adjournment of the legislature. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Article 1, Section 7 of the U.S. Constitution states: If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a Law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a Law. [12], Then House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) stated: "Congress vigorously rejects any claim that the president has the authority to pocket veto this legislation and will treat any bill returned to the Congress as open to an override vote. A return veto happens when the president sends a bill, along with his objections, back to the house of Congress from which it originated. A three-day recess of the Senate was considered a short enough time that the Senate could still act with "reasonable promptitude" on the veto. In a large majority of states a bill will become law unless it is vetoed by the governor within a specified number of days, which vary among states. Divided Government: Definition, Effects, Pros & Cons ... Congress can overturn an Executive order by a two-thirds vote, just as they can overturn a presidential veto. Summary: Students will use a facsimile of a vetoed bill and veto message to understand the veto and veto override process in Congress. The court also held that the line-item veto violated the principles of the separation of powers between the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the federal government. Pocket vetoes are fairly common and have been used by almost every president since James Madison first used it first in 1812. Neither George W. Bush, Barack H. Obama nor Donald J. Trump used pocket vetoes. A pocket veto is a legislative maneuver that allows a president or another official with veto power to exercise that power over a bill by taking no action (keeping it in their pocket[1]) instead of affirmatively vetoing it. 1585 by referring the pocket veto message to the Armed Services Committee and passing H.R. the exercise of this right. 11. pocket veto An automatic veto of a bill that occurs if the president or governor neither signs nor vetoes a bill within ten days of receiving it — as long as the legislature adjourns during that period. 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