Laura did not understand the reason for Trish's silence and initially (increased/decreased) _ the frequency with which she attempted to talk to Laura. The dog's behavior of baring his teeth and growling served to (positively/negatively) _ (punish/reinforce) _ Beth's behavior of trying to pull his tail. She then moved to Dallas and set her sights on meeting someone new. According to Mineka, there are limitations in the extent to which experimental demonstrations of avoidance are analogous to human phobias. This is because the appearance of game was often on a (use the abbreviation) _ schedule of reinforcement. Pietro is having great difficulty sleeping, is easily startled, and has developed various phobias. Chances are that this persistence results because their behavior of selling merchandise is on a(n) _ schedule of reinforcement. _. According to Mowrer, I go out of my way to avoid bees because behaving this way has been (positively/negatively) _ (reinforced/. She had a boring time with Mike and a great time with David. It was rewarded after pressing the lever 4, 12, 9, and 7 times. AP Psychology: Learning - Operant Conditioning - Quizlet. An operant conditioning schedule describes the stimuli in which a reinforcing event is delivered following and contingent upon the occurrence of … This quiz was derived from material in: Psychology-Hockenbury & … Flashcards . An easy way to remember the three-term contingency is that you _ something, _ something, and _ something. According to the _ theory of punishment, if a rat is shocked for pressing a lever, then any behavior other than _ will be _ reinforced by the nonoccurrence of shock. A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcement or diminished by a punishment, - First psychologist to formulate the theory of operant conditioning (not the father), A stimulus that elicits a response after association with reinforcement, Removes an aversive stimulus; this is not a punishment, Gains power through its association with the primary reinforcer; a learned reinforcer, - Used to increase a list of acceptable behaviors by earning tokens, States that a reinforcement should mean something to the individual, A reinforcer that occurs instantly after a behavior, A reinforcer that is delayed in time for a certain behavior, We ma be inclined to engage in______________________ reinforcers, rather than________________reinforcers which requires consistent study or action, A particular response is reinforced every time it occurs, Reinforcing only some responses, results in slower acquistion but greater resistance to extinction, Reinforcement after a fixed number of responses, results in high rates of responding, Reinforcement after average/unpredictable number of responses, very high steady tares of responding, Reinforcement after fixed amount of time has elapsed, Reinforcement after an unpredictable amount of time, low steady rate of response, Process by which a stimulus follows a response and reduces the frequency of the response; opposite of reinforcement, Administers an aversive/undesired stimulus, When an organism learns to perform an operation to terminate an ongoing, aversive stimulus, Similar to escape conditioning but included a CS and is preventive in nature, Occurs when successive approximations of a behavior are rewarded so that the organism eventually produces the desired behavior, Describes the fact that many responses will be combined in a sequence for only one reward, Observed/experienced through someone else and learning happens, Experience has taught them they have no control over what will happen to them, A mental representation of the layout of one's environment, A relatively sudden solution comes t mind to a problem like a "light bulb turning on over a persons head", Studied insight with chimps in the 1920's by putting bananas in hard to reach locations and watched how the chimps got to them, he claims after trial and error that the chimps stopped and reflected on their actions to ind a solution, Desire to perform behavior for ones own sake and to be effective, The effect of promising a reward for doing what one already likes to do; undermines intrinsic motivation, Desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment. A useful procedure for studying memory is a delayed _ to _ task, in which the animal is shown a _ stimulus and then is later required to select that stimulus out of a group of alternative stimuli. Spell. (A) primary, (B) secondary, (C) intrinsic, (D) extrinsic, (E) both (B) and (C). STUDY. This produces a _ rate of response. One criticism of Mowrer's two-process theory is that an avoidance response often does not seem to _, even after hundreds of trials. The teachers ignored her pleas for help, as did her other classmates. One reply to this criticism is that although the animals may become significantly less _ of the CS, they do not in fact become completely _. Operant conditioning focuses on using either reinforcement or punishment to increase or decrease a behaviour. contrast; reinforcement; opposite; response. This produces a _ rate of response often accompanied by a _. When the commander yells "Charge!" This set of symptoms in experimental animals is known as experimental _; in humans, it is known as _ stress disorder. Compared to most elicited behaviors, operant behaviors seem (more/less) _ automatic and reflexive. What is a primary reinforcer? (A) VI 20-sec, (B) VT 20-sec, (C) FT 20-sec, (D) FI 20-sec, (E) none of the preceding. Operant conditioning can involve positive reinforcement, such as giving a dog a treat or a rat getting food. Beth's behavior of pulling her hand away served to _ the dog's behavior of growling. Log in Sign up. One criticism of Mowrer's two-process theory is that animals continue to make the avoidance response even though they no longer seem to be _ of the CS. This produces a _ pattern of responding. When the intruder saw that Otto was awake, he stabbed him and fled. Created by. He sees a new update after 2 minutes, then 6, then 4, then 8. The consequence is that she gets a fish. A pigeon pecks a green key on a VR 9 schedule, then a red key on an FI 20-. Gambling is often maintained by a _ schedule of reinforcement. Through this process, an association is formed between the behavior and the consequences of that behavior. One problem with spanking a child for spilling food is that the spanking will likely elicit a strong _ response that will temporarily prevent the child from eating appropriately. Ahmed found school only slightly interesting. The next time Erin babysits Lucie, Lucie will (probably/probably not) _ resume asking for a treat. A multiple schedule consists of two or more independent schedules presented (simultaneously/sequentially) _, each resulting in a _ and each having a distinctive _. Answers correctly behavior due to experience a process of learning, including her.! Seconds have elapsed since the last reinforcer s_ behavior, is a reinforcer is delivered independently of any.. This most closely resembles a ( primary/secondary ) _ schedule of reinforcement abbreviated _ ) the! 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