It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground. Here, a farmer pulls out water from wells or canals by himself or using cattle and carries it to farming fields. Modern Methods of Irrigation The methods of irrigation can be divided into four main types. Gravity irrigation methods are less expensive, but requires more skill and experience to achieve re-scannable efficiency. Flooding method of irrigation is in use since centuries. Pro Lite, Vedantu In modern irrigation practice several flooding methods have been developed. It is mostly used in sandy soils and in uneven … SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHOD  Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. Instant access to the full article PDF. These components, controlled with the help of a dripper and water pumps. In free flooding method water is applied to the land from field ditches without any check or guidance to the flow. Murthy, Y. K: Advanced methods of irrigation and scope for application in India. Subscribe to journal. J. of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, ASCE 111, 319–329 (1985) Google Scholar; Humpherys, A. S.: Automated farm surface irrigation systems — worldwide. Watch Modern Methods of Irrigation in English from Improvement in Crop Yield and Environmental Chemistry and From Field to Plate here. Vedantu academic counsellor will be calling you shortly for your Online Counselling session. It classified by 2 different methods: Traditional Methods: In this method, irrigation is done manually. These are as follows –. 3. : Procedure to select an optimum irrigation method. Thus, irrigation is a much more complicated process than just watering plants. Proper irrigation helps crops to develop quickly, which ensures higher returns for farmers. The two main modern methods of irrigation are: 1) Sprinkler system. Some of the benefits of the drip irrigation system are –, It helps in the conservation of water and reduces the cost of fertilisation. It requires less capital investment, but it is one of the most labour intensive methods of irrigation. (ed.) Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, Abbot, J. S.: Microirrigation — Worldwide usage. This irrigation system is farther classified into three other types of modern methods of irrigation. Irrigation improves the groundwater storage as water lost due to seepage adds to the groundwater storage. The methods of irrigation can be divided into four main types. 1. The water application is more frequent with this irrigation technique compared to other methods which result in high moisture levels in the soil. Since water is provided uniformly, crop growth is also consistent. 264 Accesses. Pro Lite, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12. VK Rain irrigation system Also known as the Modern Method of Irrigation. Some crops which require this type of irrigation are vegetables, cash crops, plantation, spices etc. (ed. Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. Modern Irrigation Methods: (v) Sprinkler Irrigation Method: In present times, when water crisis is developing very fast everywhere, we should adopt improved techniques of irrigation to encourage suitable water management. Drip Irrigation Scientific Publications, Israel 1976. The authorities are already trying to incentivise the crop growers to adopt modern irrigation techniques by offering them 60 percent subsidy on installing such systems. Answer (1 of 5): There are quite a few methods of irrigation that are classed as modern. Soil wetting and salt leaching are the principal purposes of surface irrigation. GeoJournal have utilized this form of irrigation to grow their crops. Humpherys, A. S.: Automated farm surface irrigation systems — worldwide. With increase in human population, the water needed to irrigate crops has increased many fold. These modern irrigation techniques have been discussed in detail below –. The mainlines and sub mainlines transport the water from pumps to fields where it is sprayed on the plants via the sprinkles. Basin and border irrigation – Both of these techniques involve water running through the soil. FAO Irrigation and Design paper 45, FAO, 1989. IRRIGATION. Dr. Secretary-General, Hence, it is also known as trickle irrigation method. In modern irrigation practice several flooding methods have been developed. The modern methods of irrigation under surface irrigation are furrow, basin and border. Price includes VAT for USA. 1. J. of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, ASCE 111, 319–329 (1985). 2. These are as follows – Furrow – in case of furrow irrigation, water is made to flow through shallow channels which are evenly spaced out and at a slope to the field. Report provides an overview of the current state of agriculture and irrigation sectors of Kyrgyzstan, the analysis of experience in application of different irrigation methods in the Republic. The main advantage of this method is that it is cheap. - 212.18.224.18. Give the list of modern methods of irrigation. 2 Citations. This irrigation system is farther classified into three other types of modern methods of irrigation. Flooding method consists in applying the water by flooding the land of rather smooth and flat topography. The modern methods of irrigation under surface irrigation are furrow, basin and border. The widely used methods of irrigation are surface, sprinkling, subirrigation, intrasoil, and mist irrigation. Importance of water to plants . Since the distribution of water is not regulated, surface irrigation is also known as flood irrigation. Gravity irrigation method. Subscription will auto renew annually. Learn new and interesting things. Part of Springer Nature. : Irrigation principles and practices. However, we will concentrate only on modern methods of irrigation for now. However, modern methods are more efficient and use less water as compared to traditional irrigation. This method is used in areas where there is more scarcity of water and in high temperature regions, to maintain the humidity. The water is delivered to the field via a ditch, a water pipe, or a similar source where water flow is present. Furrow – in case of furrow irrigation, water is made to flow through shallow channels which are evenly spaced out and at a slope to the field. Modern irrigation method Drip irrigation method. volume 35, pages59–63(1995)Cite this article. Well, the whole process of irrigation is strictly controlled. Now that you are aware of what are the methods of irrigation, you should also know about the importance of irrigation. The Greeks, the Chinese, the Romans, etc. These include – Surface irrigation, sprinkler, drip and subsurface. 1. Modern methods of irrigation. Flooding method consists in applying the water by flooding the land of rather smooth and flat topography. Addink, J. W.: Design and operation of sprinkler systems. A sprinkler irrigation system requires sprinklers, laterals, mainlines, sub mainlines and pump unit. Any loss of water is avoided in the sprinkler system… This method can vary in different regions. In sprinkler systems, the pipes carry water to central locations on the farm. Irrigation protects against insufficient rainfall and drought. Class 8: Science: Crop Production and its management: modern method of irrigation Modern methods of irrigating plants conserve soil. In the Drip irrigation system, water supplies to plant roots through a collection of plastic pipes, lateral tubes, and valves. Sprinkler irription method is … Water is scattered across evenly around the field with the help of manual power such as labors and watering cans. R. S. Varshney 1 GeoJournal volume 35, pages 59 – 63 (1995)Cite this article. METHODS OF SURFACE IRRIGATION • Controlled: Water is applied from the head ditch and guided by corrugations, furrows, borders, or ridges. These are as follows -, Irrigation techniques enable farmers to grow multiple crops in a year thereby enhancing productivity. Irrigation - Time and methods Modern techniques of - - Drainage and its irrigation importance . Water is provided to the fields by spraying water droplets, similar to rain, through pipes. International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, New Delhi 1986. Irrigation is defined as the artificial application of water to the soil for the purpose of crop production in supplement to rainfall and ground water contribution. This method of irrigation is widely used for row crops, and small furrows, called corrugations, have been used for forage crops such as alfalfa. Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. This irrigation system, as the name suggests, involves watering the crops drip by drip. Get ideas for your own presentations. As the availability of water is not the same in every area, farmers need to use different methods of irrigation for every region.  It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground. 2 Types of Modern Methods of Irrigation System By Riyo Posted on March 4, 2019. The water in these shallow channels are supplied through a variety of ways such as siphon, main ditch, gated pipe etc. This irrigation technique can also be used to provide fertilisers to crops. Sprinkler irription method is an easy and simple method of irrigation … 3. Agriculture or farming is a very ancient occupation, and so are methods of irrigation. If you want to learn more about modern methods of irrigation or any other topic of biology, check our collection of study materials. Methods of Irrigation. The method is very clear from Fig. These plastic pipes have holes in them. The farmer must determine the exact amount of water required by the crop. Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. effective methods of crop irrigation, including drip irrigation. This method also requires that the land to be irrigated should have a flatter slope, other wise the cost of land leveling and preparation at times be come very high. This reduces the evaporation and each crop can be irrigated according to its nature. Academic Press, New York 1982. This system is best suited for areas that have a parallel slope or flat surface and a moderate fine-textured soil type. Sorry!, This page is not available for now to bookmark. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. This consists of a vast amount of irrigation methods in which water is scattered, the things you need to have before you introduce the irrigation water to the basins are by siphons, gated pipe. The furrow is a narrow ditch between rows of plants. Traditional Methods: In this method, irrigation is done manually. 8. These modern irrigation techniques have been discussed in detail below – Surface irrigation – It is one of the most common methods of irrigation. This supply of water to the crops at regular intervals is known as irrigation. Here, a farmer pulls out water from wells or canals by himself or using cattle and carries it to farming fields. TYPES OF MODERN IRRIGATION SYSTEM  SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHOD  DRIP IRRIGATION METHOD  POT IRRIGATION METHOD 7. But benefits from these techniques have been slower than projected. SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHOD Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. What are the modern methods of irrigation? Metrics details. You can also access all of our course materials from Vedantu’s app as well. • Uncontrolled- wild flooding. Food Preservation Methods - Food Poisoning, Vedantu 9. We can see evidence of different irrigation techniques employed by ancient civilisations which include irrigation canals, dams, water storage facilities, structures like aqueducts and the like. ), Design and Operation of Farm Irrigation Systems, ASAE, St. Joseph, Michigan 49085, USA 1980. It is an easy and simple method of irrigation nowadays. Modern irrigation technology in the form of hardware and software techniques has made significant strides and contributions to system operations these years (Renault, 1998). However, many growers are still using conventional irrigation methods. Water seeps from these holes drop by drop, hence the name drip irrigation. Walker, W. 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