Tapping of the emerging flower in each tree is done 300 days a year for a toddy yield of 315,000 liters/year,which is converted into 54 MT of coconut sugar/ha per year. The short answer is that a coconut could be all three – a nut, seed, … I have recommended your Deejay hybrid Seedlings to other farmers and got 40,000 Deejay hybrid seedlings and given to them. In order to meet the demands, we follow the same procedure by manually mixing the flowers to bring productivity, and we would like to clarify this is not a genetically changed breeds, this is a natural variety which gives the maximum. Mr. Karthick Gunabalan Kanyakumari, Tamilnadu, Nanjil Nursery The height of the plant will be about 50 – 60 feet. Some nursery are selling spurious coconut seedlings ..These days men power has become costly and trained labor was not available ..so the dwarf coconut trees are planted among the tall coconut trees and are allowed natural cross pollination through winds and insects ..Most of the cases , not all the nuts are fertilized and nuts collected are sown in nursery and sold as hybrid..So the it needs utmost care while selecting hybrid coconut seedlings .. 1.To increase number of fruits per tree per year. The Deejay Sampoorna® Hybrid Coconut is the result of more than 25 years of research. Price of a poly bagged seedling 300/= CRISL 98. — Rajendran, Aliyar. What is the difference between Saplings in Packets and the one in ground? With proper care, a coconut palm tree will produce 50 to 200 fruit per year for up to 80 years, so learning about fertilizing coconut palm trees is of paramount importance for the longevity of the tree. In result of the flower of Yazhpanam (Tall) variety mixes with COD (Dwarf)flower naturally by honeybees this pollination happens and that results in forming a new breed D x T, however the productivity is very less in natural pollination. It’s a general purpose hybrid coconut seedling. How many coconut trees can be planted in an acre of land? +91-99526 48311 +91 99654 49862 The trees yield around 250 tender coconuts per tree / year and I have got approx. In this case the West Coast Tall acts as the Female and the Chawaghad Orange Dwarf acts as the Male. Yield 20000 nuts/ha/year. Tender coconut contains 500 -750ml of coconut water. Planting and Management of Coconut Plantations Please Click Here for required page ' PUBLICATIONS --> ADVISORY CIRCULARS ' showing recommendations. As the branches in the Ramganga is so dense, there is no need for bunch tying. Macapuno Coconut. The average yield is 123 nuts per palm per year under irrigated conditions with estimated copra out turn of 23 kg per palm per year. Get latest info on Coconut Plants, hybrid coconut plant, Coconut Trees, suppliers, manufacturers, wholesalers, traders, wholesale suppliers with Coconut Plants prices for buying. The nuts which is used for growing the saplings are from 25 to 40 years old healthy plants. That’s all folks about the cultivation of hybrid coconut and planting methods. Produces 275 t0 325 tender coconut and 225 to 275 coconuts per year. Nut yield (No’s per tree per each year) Harvesting Start in 1: Hybrid variety: 100: 3 to 4 year: 2: Tall variety: 65 to 75: 6 year: 3: Dwarf (tender coconut) variety: 75 to 85: 5 year Production in the Philippines is generally concentrated in medium-sized farms. Coconut production plays an important role in the national economy of the Philippines.According to figures published in December 2009 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, it is the world's largest producer of coconuts, producing 19,500,000 tonnes in 2009. We have farmers who have reported more than 400 nuts per year; If not for tender coconut, it can yield up to 250-300 nuts per year per tree. The coconut is the most important palm economically. Besides the above , other factors also control yield of the coconut tree like. Ramganga is a high quality planting material suitable for modern coconut farming. Feel free to ask any landscaping or gardening questions over the phone, or get in touch via our contact form below. The size of the nuts looks similar the size of COD but green in color with slight yellow shade, after dehusking the nut weights 600 grams at an average it gives maximum of 45 nuts in a single branch when the maintenance is good. Scientists explain that replanting would increase output by 50 to 100 per cent within a few years with a mature palm producing as many as 400 nuts a year. Near Marunthuvazh Malai, AN INSIGHT INTO HYBRID COCONUT PLANTATION AND WAYS TO INCREASE THE YIELD OF FRUITS / NUTS. Annual production of seedlings - 100000 nuts. It comes to flowering by 54 months from planting. The Tall coconut varieties start producing inflorescence in 4.5 to 9 years after planting ,where as dwarf coconut varieties are producing inflorescence in 2-4 years after planting .. 6.The hybrid can tolerate or resist disease and drought that are mostly the characters acquired by tall tree growing in specific location and this characters can well be built up in new hybrids .. Hybrid variety 3.3K views karthick@nanjilnursery.com, For Business Tie-up and other enquiries This is even more important when it comes to perennial tree crops such as coconuts, since once the coconut palm is planted it becomes a 25 to 30 year-long commitment. I have recommended your Deejay hybrid Seedlings to other farmers and got 40,000 Deejay hybrid seedlings and given to them. its again a tender coconut short... It’s a tall variety which is for coconut, tender coconut and copra, gives yield in 3.5 years with 60 years lifespan, give up to 320 nut per year. VHC1 Coconut. All the farmers have got good … While, better still, the MNF option increased coconut yield in year 1, year 2 and ensuing years (years 3 to 5) by 50 %, 100%, and 150 % respectively. Yaazhpanam is SriLankan origin tall variety which is for coconut, tender coconut and copra, gives yield in 3.7 years, has a life of 75 years, can give 320 nuts per year from the 6th... COD Chavakad in Kerala is the homeland of COD, which is a short tender coconut variety which can give up to 300 ml of water and the yield starts in 3rd year with a life span of 40 years,... Malasian Green: This is the quickest yielding variety, sometimes it yields even in the 2nd year but averagely in 2.5 years, with a lifespan of 50 years. As the coconut tree is propagated by seed, they are subjected to some variations which can be distinguished in the trees, fruit… Currently, the average yield of coconut trees in the Philippines is 45 nuts per tree annually, which is below the 200 to 400 nuts per tree of countries like India and Brazil. Annual production of seedlings - 30000-40000 nuts. They are also monoecious. In root (wilt) disease affected … Hybrid Dwarf Coconut Tree. It yields very early, flowering in two years, conservatively producing 250 mature nuts per palm per year (some farmers report far higher numbers). Near Marunthuvazh Malai Both these dwarf x tall hybrids have the following agronomic characteristics: ¾Robust & vigorous growth ¾Early bearing - commence flowering at 36 months and harvest at 48 months ¾Very high nut yield - 25,000 - 30,000 nuts per hectare per year ¾Versatile in usage - tender nuts for drinking, ripe nuts for desiccated coconut, coconut milk and cream, copra etc. It is a general purpose hybrid. The sweetest coconut water variety available in India. Another tall variety of coconut with 65-68 % of oil content. All rights reserved. India – 629703, +91-99654 49862, +91-99526 48311 Income from Intercropping and coconut = 114000+19200 1,33,200 1. 10. CRIC 65. Ramganga yields around 330 tender coconuts per tree. Certified variety with green sticker. While a hybrid coconut seedling costs Rs. Suitable for large scale plantations. On fertile soil, a tall coconut palm tree can yield up to 75 fruits per year, but more often yields less than 30. Given proper care and growing conditions, coconut palms produce their first fruit in six to ten years, taking 15 to 20 years to reach peak production. Answered October 29, 2018 Yield is a function of variety, climate, environment and management factors. However, a rainfall of about 2000 mm per year, well distributed throughout, is ideal for proper growth and maximum production. This variety is produced when the Flowers from dwarf plant (Chawaghad Orange Dwarf) gets cross pollinated with the tall variety (West Coast Tall). It takes about a year for the coconuts to … Vaikundapathi, Pottayadi Post This is a semi tall variety with sweet tender nut water and with higher resistance to root (wilt) disease of coconut. Generally female coconut tree used in breeding is dwarf coconut that looks orange, yellow that are controlled by recessive genes in homozygous condition ( rr is excessiveness and RR denoted as dominant ) ..when the dwarf coconut variety is bred with Tall coconut variety that generally looks green everywhere , the resulting hybrid will not show either orange or yellow color because the color will be disguished by dominant gene from Tall tree ( Rr genes ) ..Hence the Hybrid seedlings from the nursery can be selected by noting the color , stoutness of the crown , early splitting of leaflets and girth of seedlings that are significantly well formed and robust .Such a hybrid only can produce more yield per tree per year .. Certified variety with red sticker. The PCA’s findings (2 010) revealed a coconut annual productivity per ha with moderate fertilizer application of coconut trees in a monocropping system (o nly coconut grown) usually achieved a fairly good yield of 8,000 nuts/ha (e quivalent to 2 tons copra). East Coast Tall. Soil is Suitable for Coconut Trees. The number of coconuts for hybrid coconut tree shall give 250 coconuts per tree per year leading to an annual production of 1 to 17,000 coconuts per acre. When tender nuts are harvested at 6.5 to 7 months of age, yields can increase by 30% and yields exceeding 400 nuts per palm are commonly reported to us. As the branches in the Ramganga is so dense, there is no need for bunch tying. Income from coconut 5 nuts per bunch, 12 bunches per year in 80 tree Total number of nuts in 1 acre: (80 x 5 x 12) = 4800 nuts Rate of 1 nut =Rs.4 Income from nut = (4800 x 4 = 19,200) 19,200 . Copra content will be around 16 -18 kgs for 100 nuts. This is a unique short variety coconut tree, which gives a yield up to 350 nuts per year. Rs.18 per coconut in the market. It yields very early, flowering in two years, conservatively producing 250 mature nuts per palm per year (some farmers report far higher numbers). Please do realize I am not talking about any latest hybrids but 15 year old plants. Suitable for home gardens. Coconut production remains crucial for the Asia-Pacific region, but coconut yields are dropping with aging as a top factor. Lifetime of this variety is 45 years average. How much percentage of Oil content can be expected in Coconut Fruit? All the farmers have got good benefits and I … Depending on the variety of the coconut trees, the male and female flowers develop at same or different times. There are two ways of cross pollination one is done by honeybee, and the other done by us manually to meet the demands of the seedlings. +91 99526 48311 Rs.18 per coconut in the market. However, the kernel quality is excellent, and oil yield is good. The Farm was started in 1990's by the late honorable Thiru R.Gunabalan BA.LL.B. The coconut weight is about 800gms on a average. Last Updated on Friday, 02 October 2020 03:56 Its a high yielding hybrid. 3.More number of bunches and fruits per tree per year that is the characters acquired from dwarf varieties .. 4.Life period of coconut tree 40 to 50 years that is acquired from Tall coconut tree that lives upto 100 years ..whereas Pure dwarf varieties have only 25 to 30 years only .. 5.Hybrid can have 40 to 60 % self pollination that enhance individual tree yield upto 350 to 700 numbers. Contact:Mr.Karthick Even if one is willing to correct the planting mistakes, it would have been 4-5 years along before any serious crop production issues are detected. The pit must be 2.5*2.5 in depth and width. How many coconuts do you get in a tree per year? Vaikundapathi, Pottayadi Post, 10 years tree will grow 30 to 32 feet. The lovely plant Coconut ( Cocus nucifera ) belongs to plant family “ Arecaceae” and being in use since 5 lac years . Suitable for large scale plantations. Yield 12000 nuts/ha/year. Hybrid palms have 40 to 60% self-pollination character that … Find here details of companies selling Coconut Plants, for your purchase requirements. It is suitable for growing … On an average it bears about 300 seedlings. Let’s explore how to fertilize coconut palm trees. This is a unique short variety coconut tree, which gives a yield up to 350 nuts per year. On fertile soil, a tall coconut palm tree can yield up to 75 fruits per year, but more often yields less than 30. It is a general purpose hybrid. The crown of healthy coconut bears 20 to 35 leaves ( fronds ) and each frond measures 25 to 30 feet long ..so we give 30 feet spacing between 2 coconut plants .. 15,00,000+ coconut plants in Kanyakumari have been planted through our Nursery. The trees yield around 250 tender coconuts per tree / year and I have got approx. The spacing to be considered while planting the sapling should be 25*25 feet between each plant. Is Coconut a Fruit, Nut, or Seed? — Rajendran, Aliyar. In other words, they consist of male and female flowers on the same inflorescence (spadix) that develops within a woody spathe. Immediately after opening of sheath ( spadix that covers inflorescence ) the male flowers only at the top most start producing and shedding pollen ( male part of flowers necessary for fertilization ) and other male flowers below produce pollen successively downward and this continues ( downward from top to bottom ) shedding pollen for over 3 weeks .. Only after all the pollen grain is produced and lost , the female flowers will become mature and receptive ..so the male flowers could not fertilize the female flowers in the same inflorescence..Hence out breeding and outsourcing of pollen from other coconut plants are needed, Here to assist out breeding ( cross pollination ) the plant needs assistance of winds and insects mainly Bees ..the wind helps only to the certain extent say 10-20% and most of the cross pollination is effected by bees …, Generally every inflorescence produce 40 to 60 female flowers in 13 to 17 spadix in a coconut tree but mostly one third of female flowers sets in fruits ie.,13 to 20 in each bunch . In General the average yield of Tall coconut in India is 60 fruits / nuts per tree per year and it is in the range of 80 to 100 in some states and individual tree yield is noticed upto 240 fruits / nuts per year .. Assuming that the coconut is planted in an ideal condition, the average nuts per tree could be 100 per tree though the farmers at Pollachi (TN< INDIA) have an average of 150 per tree while farmers at Kerala have only 50 - 60 per tree. When Dwarf coconut is bred with fertile and well performing Tall coconut the resulting hybrid possess characters of both the parents .. 1.Earliness say 2 – 4 years flowering unlike 5 to 9 years waiting period in Pure tall varieties, 2.More kernel and copra and oil content that is the characters acquired from well performing Tall coconut varieties. While the yields of rice and corn are gradually increasing, those for coconut trees remain anemic and disappointing. Life period of coconut tree for commercial economic coconut cultivation is 50 to 60 years that is acquired from Tall coconut tree that lives up to 100 years. Trees grown in proper conditions produce 50 coconuts or more annually and the tree flowers periodically throughout the year. In the world 95 % of the coconut are Tall varieties and only 5% are dwarf varieties that are Niu Leha, Village Dwarf ,Malayan or Nias Dwarf ..Srilankan Dwarf , Chowghat orange Dwaf ( India ). These are notable points about coconut trees. How much sunlight does a coconut tree need. Hybrid variety. Cocos nucifera is a large palm, growing up to 30 m (100 ft) tall, with pinnate leaves 4–6 m (13–20 ft) long, and pinnae 60–90 cm (2–3 ft) long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. We are one of the leading Plant Nurseries in Kanyakumari. Yield as of coconut tree is concerned. Ramganga yields around 330 tender coconuts per tree. In case of Dwarf varieties that is predominantly self pollinated ( imbreeding ) ..the female and male flowers mature simultaneously ( 90 % self pollination ) and inflorescence produce more flowers say 60 to 120 and also more numbers of spadix per year..The dwarf coconut varieties produces more leaves ( fronds ) and bunches in rapid succession that even the pollen produced in the successive bunches can fertilize the female flowers in the lower bunches in the same coconut tree ..This is the reason why the dwarf coconut variety produces more nuts / fruits per tree per year ..40 fruits per bunch ..for 17 bunches ( dwarf under ideal condition produce more bunches and more leaves ) in a year it is 40 * 17=680 fruits / nuts per tree..Even it produces 1000 fruits / nuts although the size of the fruits are medium to small depending on the number of fruits per tree.. Its annual yield is 87 nuts/palm, 16.38 kg copra/palm and 10.65 kg oil/palm. The Deejay Sampoorna hybrid is the result of more than 25 years of research. Hybrid of East coast tall and Malayan green dwarf, this hybrid tree starts producing fruits after 4-years and produces around 80-100 coconuts per palm each year. Reasons such as the decreasing yields, lack of commercial returns and problems like eriophid mite and black headed caterpillar menace are forcing coconut farmers to … Call us for Free Consulting: +91 99654 49862. In terms of copra, this is average annual yield of 1.78 t/ha achievable by CSA over the unfertilized trees. Income from coconut 5 nuts per bunch, 12 bunches per year in 80 tree Total number of nuts in 1 acre: (80 x 5 x 12) = 4800 nuts Rate of 1 nut =Rs.4 Income from nut = (4800 x 4 = 19,200) 19,200 . 25, the tall variety comes for Rs.15. Distance between fronds are far, because of this tree trunk growth is fast. Reach to the bearing stage with in 5-6 years. Dwarf Vs Tall hybrid can be resorted to increase the single tree yield .. However, the yield of the Malayan Tall is often times low; even on well managed plantations, yields are normally about 10,000 nuts per hectare per year, whereas the typical yield is closer to 3,000 nuts only! Coconut palms are the heavy feeder that is manuring is essential from the 1st year of planting on the field to obtain a higher nut production. Where pure Dwarf varieties have 25 to 30 years only. This is one of the Hybrid Tall Variety Coconut saplings. 1.Temprature -21- 27 degree Celsius ideal but even grows well in temperature 25 to 36 but certainly temperature beyond 37 degree Celsius will have its negative impact on yield and also cool season with temperature below 21 degree Celsius affect yield .. And most essentially micro nutrients like Boron ( the deficiency of which make the female flowers that produce fruits/ nuts fall down easily by cutting and closing the root canal supplying water and nutrients from mother trunk to newly formed and fertilized female flowers and also poor kernel setting and oil .. Next Zinc, Copper ( the deficiency of which reduce fronds growth and development that looks bluish yellow and wavy ), Molybdenum and chlorine also most important in coconut plant physiology …, Last but not the least , the altitude – The coconut can grow upto 1000 MSL above the limit it grows but does not produce yield ..Because every 100 meters increase in altitude the temperatures goes down by 0.6 degree Celsius ..If plain land temperature is 27 degree Celsius , the temperature at an altitude 1000 MSL will be 21 degree Celsius below which the yield of coconut will be less or nil …. 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