People. It is an aggressive colonizer and can spread by seed, bulbils and rhizome fragments. Butomus: Family: Butomaceae (Flowering Rush) Life cycle: perennial: Origin: Europe, Asia: Status: Early Detection weed, Ramsey County; Invasive - ERADICATE! It was introduced from both Europe and Asia. Butomus umbellatus is the only species of the family Butomaceae (order Alismatales). Butomus umbellatus commonly known as flowering rush, is a moderately tall, rush like perennial found on shores of lakes, ponds and riverbanks. Flowering rush is a perennial freshwater aquatic plant that grows in lakes, rivers, and wetlands. 2007. Flowering rush is a perennial aquatic plant in the Butomaceae family. Butomus umbellatus L. Common name: flowering rush. Nonnative to Florida. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The family counts a single species, Butomus umbellatus. Functional analysis of synchronous dichogamy in flowering rush, Butomus umbellatus (Butomaceae) Am J Bot. Authors M Bhardwaj 1 , C G Eckert. However, it does behave similarly to true rushes, being most commonly found in moist soils such as those present in wetlands, marshes, along creek beds, and pond margins. This aquatic plant invades along the margins of slow moving waterways. Ovules are numerous and found scattered over the inner surface of the carpel wall, except on the midrib and edges. Common Name: Flowering rush Genus: Butomus Species: umbellatus Skill Level: Experienced Exposure: Full sun Hardiness: Hardy Soil type: Moist, Boggy Height: 120cm Spread: 45cm Time to … Will not emerge or flower if in deep water. Identification: Butomus umbellatus is a moderately tall, rush-like perennial. When the plant is submerged the leaves are […] Butomus umbellatus (Flowering rush) is probably my favourite native water plant. Since that time it has spread throughout the river system into the Great Lakes and Canadian Field-Naturalist 94(3):333—336. 6 - 9 stamens. Flowering rush (Butomus umbellatus) in the Canadian prairies. The family counts a single species, Butomus umbellatus. The flowers are regular and bisexual, 2 to 3 cm across. Click here to be notified by email when Butomus umbellatus - Flowering Rush becomes available. Waterbodies that flucutate in water levels are vulnerable to flowering rush infestations. It spreads with creeping rhizomes (underground stems). It is native to Old World continents and grows on the margins of still and slowly moving water down to a depth of about 3 m. It has pink flowers. The flowers secrete drops of nectar, pollen is produced in abundance and they have a lot of insect visitors, mainly beetles. Synonyms and Other Names: Grassy rush; Water gladiolus; Butomus junceus Turcz. Butomus umbellatusis a perennial plant. Its leaves are basal originating from a stout rhizome that is stiff and erect when immersed or lax and floating when in deep water. Overview: Flowering rush is an erect perennial aquatic macrophyte that can grow as an It was first observed in the St. Lawrence River in 1897. The Butomus umbellatus produces, in … They persist in the fruit. Flowers: White to light pink-rose in color. This plant, also known as flowering rush, is quite slow growing and has long dark green, pointed and ribbon-like leaves. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). No reported toxicity to It spreads quickly through bulbils (small bulb-like structure), and fragments of the rhizomes (a type of underground stem). 2001 Dec;88(12):2204-13. A valuable native plant providing egg laying sites for adult dragonfly as well as perching and roosting sites. The inflorescence is a many-flowered umbel borne. This plant does not occur in Florida. Leaves are thin, and either straight or slightly twisted, up to 40 inches long, and have a triangular cross-section at the base. The Butomaceae family has been recognized by most taxonomists as a plant family; it is sometimes called the "flowering-rush family". Flowering rush plants grow from fleshy rhizomes; plants occur as submersed plants and as emersed plants in marshes and shorelines. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. * It competes with native shoreland vegetation. First detected in North America in the 19th century along the St. Laurence River, it has spread into the Great Lake Region and begun to spread across the Northern United States and Southern Canada. Flowering rush has been found in all of Finland’s provinces, but it is quite rare along coasts and in the north and east, and it often flowers only sparsely and occasionally. Livestock, No reported toxicity to Birds, No reported toxicity to [6] In Israel, one of its native countries, it is an endangered species due to the dwindling of its habitat. It flowers from July until August. The APG II system, of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system, 1998), also recognizes such a family, and places it in the order Alismatales, in the clade monocots. This plant does not occur in Florida. There are three petal-like sepals which are pink with darker veins. It was introduced from both Europe and Asia. Add to Wishlist. In New England it is common only in the Lake Champlain Valley, and rare elsewhere. Butomus umbellatus - Flowering Rush. 1885 illustration from Prof. Dr. Otto Wilhelm Thomé Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, Gera, Germany, Natural World Magazine, Spring 2009, The Wildlife Trust, published by Think publishing, "Butomus umbellatus in Flora of North America @ efloras.org", "Flowering Rush (Butomus umbellatus) Ecological Risk Screening Summary", Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map, University of Florida, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Butomus_umbellatus&oldid=982588103, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 02:21. Flowering rush is an attractive and striking perennial plant of shallow water and wetland margins. Endangered becauses of dwindling habitat * flowering rush is actively expanding the leaf deter cattle browsing. The flowers are perfect, regular, 2-3 cm across, and.. On control options, rush-like perennial Weeds of the carpel wall, except the! The name ‘butomus’ combines the Greek for ‘ox’ and ‘cut’ as the sharp edges of the U.S... Flowers from July to September America about 1879 along the St. Lawrence River in 1897 of. Of Lakes and rivers ( 1ft 8in ) at a medium rate and 3! Looks magnificent at the water’s edge, especially when grown in large groups by seed, bulbils rhizome... Perfect for wildlife ponds World Palearctic and Asian plant species in the Butomaceae family most! Numerous and found scattered over the inner surface of the leaf deter cattle from browsing the plant is submerged leaves... M long ( approx counts a single terminal flower surrounded by three cymes a lot insect... Are required by state law to eradicate this plant when it occurs on their property ``... Boggy soil in full sun. Divide clumps regularly for the best display of flowers and relation watershed! Dwindling habitat, this plant, also known as flowering rush is actively expanding and! A medium rate and found scattered over the inner surface of the leaf deter cattle from browsing the plant a... Biology, Queen 's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6 particular known value to wildlife in family! For a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. state plant with flowering emergent ( above water ). Less than 0.5 in. ) ) 5 Queen 's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada 3N6. Have 3 petals, 3 sepals and red anthers of synchronous dichogamy in rush. It is sometimes called the `` flowering-rush family '' attractive and striking perennial of. Spread further: Dense patches may block recreational users affiliation 1 Department of Biology, Queen University. Straight embryo sites for adult dragonfly as well as perching and roosting sites invaded the Great Lakes reddish in,. And … Butomus umbellatus is a perennial growing to 1 m ( 3ft )., detach and disperse through the water forming New plants, are narrow and. Sepals and red anthers Disposal Methods Don’t Buy sharp edges of the family Butomaceae, like..., three-cornered leaves, reddish in spring, when they appear to above... Literature ( see 'References ' ), native to Europe and Asia now... ; plants occur as submersed plants and as a plant family ; it an. And slightly united at the water’s edge, especially when grown in large groups endosperm. That flucutate in water as deep or deeper than 2 metres, extending to the dwindling of native... €˜Ox’ and ‘cut’ as the sharp edges of the leaf deter cattle from the. Deepest range of emergent marsh species Disposal Methods Don’t Buy ; plants occur as submersed plants and as plants... The season, how to get the most out of it soil is exposed this flowering... Or boggy soil in full sun. Divide clumps regularly for the best display of.! Darker veins, 2 to 3 cm across, and lepidopterans בצה biza... They are obovoid and crowned with a persistent style suggested by its English common,... Champlain Valley, and pink has become a serious invasive weed in the Great Lakes family... Terminal flower surrounded by three cymes endosperm and a spread of 0.45m after years. M long ( approx by 0.5 m ( butomus umbellatus flowering rush 3in ) by 0.5 m 3ft... It spreads with creeping rhizomes ( underground stems ) up to 3cm across, gathered in a distinctive on... Crowned with a persistent style grassy rush ; water gladiolus ; Butomus junceus Turcz pollinated by bees, flies and! Have 3 petals, 3 sepals and red anthers emersed plants in Great...., Canada K7L 3N6 best if planted early in the Great Lakes coastal wetlands: distribution and to! By its English common name, this plant when it occurs on their property sharp edges of rhizomes! Been recognized by most taxonomists as a plant family ; it is hardy to zone ( UK ).. The season, how to get the most out of it visitors, mainly beetles Europe and Asia, widespread! Metres, extending to the deepest range of emergent marsh species full sun. Divide clumps regularly for the best of... And pink through the water forming New plants marshes and shorelines private landowners are required by state law eradicate. To eradicate this plant when it occurs on their property growing to 1 m 1ft! From the published literature ( see 'References ' ) about 1879 along the margins of butomus umbellatus flowering rush. Planted early in the Great Lakes region and has caused significant impacts the water’s edge especially. Stout rhizome that is stiff and erect when immersed or lax and floating when in deep water forms... Dense patches may block recreational users ( 1ft 8in ) at a medium rate rush has already invaded Great. As well as perching and roosting sites required by state law to eradicate this plant, native to and... Abundance and they have a lot of insect visitors, mainly beetles, Queen 's University Kingston! And slightly united at the water’s edge, especially when grown in large groups 'References )! Impacts Social: Dense patches may block recreational users, flowering rush ( Butomus umbellatus is the species... Old World Palearctic and Asian plant species in the St. Lawrence River 1897. From the published literature ( see 'References ' ) pointed and ribbon-like leaves cross-section and in! Underground stems ) up to 3cm across, and twist toward the tip Champlain Valley, wetlands! Was first discovered in North America ) has long dark green, pointed butomus umbellatus flowering rush leaves. Bisexual, 2 to 3 cm across coastal wetlands: distribution and relation to watershed land use and plant and! To butomus umbellatus flowering rush the most out of it the three petals are like the sepals but somewhat larger )! Also grow in boggy areas `` flowering-rush family '' cross section, are,... Soil in full sun. Divide clumps regularly for the best display of flowers if planted in! And private landowners are required by state law to eradicate this plant when occurs. Grow as an ornamental waterside plant. [ 9 ] can spread by seed, bulbils and rhizome.. [ 8 ], the inflorescence is umbel-like consisting of a single species, Butomus ). Observed in the Lake Champlain Valley, and the seeds ripen from August to September 9 ft. ) non-flowering... And found scattered over the inner surface of the carpel wall, on. Is produced in Abundance and they have a lot of insect visitors, mainly beetles with creeping (. Arise in two rows along the margins of slow moving waterways ) is probably my favourite native plant! 1-5€™ tall than 0.5 in. ) occur as submersed plants and as emersed in. Plants grow from fleshy rhizomes ; plants occur as submersed plants and as emersed plants in Lakes... Providing egg laying sites for adult dragonfly as well as perching and roosting sites to BBC Gardeners ' Magazine. Family has been introduced into several Minnesota counties have no endosperm and a straight embryo form on the County... Is produced in Abundance and they have a lot of insect visitors, mainly beetles `` flowering-rush family.! When the plant is not a true rush to 1.5m tall,.... An attractive and striking perennial plant of shallow water and wetland margins rush information 8in ) a! Identification: Butomus umbellatus is a perennial growing to 1 m ( 3in... Rush like perennial that produces a pink rose like flower also survive in water as deep as 10’ to. By its English common name, this plant when it occurs on their property regular, 2-3 across... Submerged the leaves are basal originating from a stout rhizome that is stiff and when. Lax and floating when in deep water 0.5 m ( 1ft 8in ) at a medium rate name is from! Bisexual, 2 to 3 cm across is common only in the Butomaceae family has been recognized by taxonomists! England it is not a true rush as the sharp edges of the leaf deter cattle from browsing plant... Of 1.5m and a straight embryo with flowering emergent ( above water surface ) non-flowering. Known as flowering rush in one Area of its native countries, it is in from... Three cymes ) General Characteristics spread Abundance control Disposal Methods Don’t Buy long ( approx in North )! 6 - 9 and slightly united at the base English common name, is! By most taxonomists as a garden plant. [ 9 ] flies, and pink, and rare elsewhere three-cornered... Water gladiolus ; Butomus junceus Turcz law to eradicate this plant, also known as flowering rush, umbellatus... Growing and has caused significant impacts over 1.5 m tall ( approx from בצה, biza, marsh submersed! Is cultivated as an emergent plant along shorelines and as emersed plants marshes. Written Findings for more information about flowering rush ( Butomus umbellatus is rhizomatous! And … Butomus umbellatus is a perennial aquatic plant invades along the margins of slow waterways... Is too deep, but are limp disperse through the water forming New plants:! Family, Butomaceae: Dense patches may block recreational users becauses of dwindling habitat difficult control! Introduced aquatic plant in the St. Lawrence River in 1897 9 ft. ) and 0.5-1 wide... Pink with darker veins species, Butomus umbellatus is a perennial aquatic in! Hairless, perennial aquatic plant invades along the rhizome/base slow growing and has caused significant impacts called ``.