intercropping in coconut. 0000004148 00000 n throughout the year to increase income. November 11, 2020 Uncategorized. 0000000807 00000 n 0000039345 00000 n 0000000998 00000 n Elephant foot yam + Guava intercropping system 24. The beans enrich the soil for the corn, which is a heavy feeder. 0000002167 00000 n Issuu company logo. 0000072175 00000 n xref The reduction in yield was less in lemon grass (6.4 %), tulsi (23.5 %), arrow root (23.9 %), vetiver grass (25.1 %), kalmegh (25.7 %), makoi (29.1 %), citronella (30.2 %) and garden rue (30.5 %). Intercropping of medicinal and aromatic crops in adult coconut garden under Brahmaputra valley region of Assam. In other words, while one vegetable is still filling out the crafty gardener sneaks in an additional crop that's long gone before the main crop needs its space. Figure 3. 0000040957 00000 n Root and tuber crop such as elephant foot yam, greater yam, cassava, spice crop like turmeric ,ginger and other , vegetable and meditional and aromatic plants can profitably grown both at the young and old stages. 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H��W[S�F~��ا�ԩ��i�����i1y}pl�ؒ+ˤ���ޞ�� �ÌXi��|�����,�Т��L.��IgFj/��K]( Y��N�^��D��z֌�ή��_��TJ碜��x��(���$�]�K�&uR'�z�j%�d���IE���H����iŜh��Z�+z��1r6,�>k�(��[f�0�,UI_?V�l�O��y:6�$|;����fk��7{�+�%��)�v���Z��ȹ�� �wmTW������o��������Na�@A�m�����R�zl�%j�v@�/�wP�O � ړ�|��A���e�1>����)\���s0�Bp"w0 �B�XIW��ݍޗ/`b3��L:��a�|bw�N����e}��\f*gq�F6�>B��d��ʶ��R`HV���K�yȖf����H [�`q�ZL�����$r�VB�֋ˮ��|7P���O�?O~!��y�jL���7����d��OT�Hy�8����.� �e�-���{q$�ۚ�I�;2���#S��ˣQ]���ŶYWr�#��m#�W�6�g�����^��Vb�`- l���p����b ��e�Ŭ��z!�R)����� g"m!L�*b�:vMk�[��y�- DΌN[��ߪYZ �{q�۱�G@�l�#_��.=�Ă�ʲA�lU&�\Y���Xկ��]�.|����L�����@���-qPrCc~[ 0�=�Z��Z�6h�tiK�����ɩ(/���>?�#��O�������������d��S�wyIN.N.>ݔ�?��)h�N��$bh��H Y����}7�0�H2B���)��v]������aw� 0000001222 00000 n x���A 0ð4�Fs\Gcw��������z�C. 0000016342 00000 n 2): − On average, 56% of solar radiation reaches the ground, although this varies with the age of the coconut stand, its planting density, and its alignment. 0000039901 00000 n For more information and related videos visit us on http://www.digitalgreen.org/ 0000088982 00000 n The yield of all the medicinal and aromatic crops grown as intercrop in coconut garden were reduced compared to their sole crop yields. 0000040056 00000 n allows them to fix nitrogen in the soil and increase this macro-nutrients availabilit up to 8-10 years. 0000002906 00000 n 1571 0 obj<>stream %%EOF - Schematic representation of available intercropping area in coconut stands. trailer 0000002955 00000 n ���X��|G�ou����&�M��41�+��3+&M�7ќ�l)E�9�Y�v����%��� ���� �c���͟v%b#�+��[����!�o���^�.�͘��&ki�G}��������(^I. %PDF-1.4 %���� coconut garden followed by cowpea as intercrop in coconut garden with 8487 nuts/ha/year during first year and gradually increased to higher (9348 nuts/ha/year) during third year. 0000030881 00000 n 0000004697 00000 n 0000101784 00000 n 0000072253 00000 n Intercropping takes advantage of the nature of the coconut tree’s canopy of fronds, and its rooting system (see Fig. Coconut+patchouli intercropping system recorded 55.3% increase in nut yield/palm followed by coconut+palmarosa (43.5%) when ��`YFA�N��P�2�k(TbDc4�@�B9f�[`����U�����������26y&-:~t�7/�+��D�O�O 2������V� Cc[�Cs��8��ϙ�F3���|2ywLv "˘�9[�,?�t0����$�` �.��@���!� 0000073110 00000 n 0000081381 00000 n intercropping in coconut garden. IMPORTANCE ... coconut+papaya+pineapple cropping system during dry season. Figure 4. Intercropping in Coconut Lands Please click here ' PUBLICATIONS --> ADVISORY CIRCULARS ' for required recommendations. 0000072716 00000 n Banana as a Mixed Crop with Coconut Among the mixed crops tested, banana is found to be the most important intercrop for coconut garden. 0000040492 00000 n ���z#����6݄;�3�4������i�0��D\q��PN*��C�]M�j.b_�+3k����k�.t�IE3}Y5�&�L�؏`�BS�jT ���;wX�XF`H ͪ݀]#~�������6��\ަd8nU80�Y��p�?W��������ͽ{���Ò�X5M�?�+h������:"���?��c�>L�%�yn����ԣ�e���a+�橴���W ��m[�E�6����3�b#`Ņ�٫������ �`OM���)�� p}Su0}2���z%Rm 1����w�&�+|�56�s&_��)�1��B�����n��6��! Features Fullscreen sharing Embed Statistics Article stories Visual Stories SEO. 0000055559 00000 n 0000022054 00000 n (A) Schematic patterns for planting black pepper, cacao and coffee as intercrops with coconuts, giving a plant density of 795 black pepper, 550 cacao and 640 coffee per hectare in addition to 159 coconut palms (Liyanage et al., 1983). Last Updated on Friday, 02 October 2020 04:00 0000002239 00000 n 0000001565 00000 n As Figure 1 Market suitability should be taken into consideration before selecting an intercrop.

The root zone of coconut for moisture absorption is concentrated in a circular area of 200 cm radius around the base of coconut tree up to a depth of 100 cm. Intercropping vegetables between young citrus trees 21. In the present scenario of fluctuation in coconut price and high production cost, the pure crop of coconut is no more economical. 0000001243 00000 n 0000004997 00000 n

Under irrigated conditions, the size of each fruit would be about 1.5 kg; while as a rain fed crop, the size is reduced to …

Palms are grown under favourable environmental conditions. During the initial 8 years, there is a good light transmission and annual / biennial crops can be raised as intercrops. ha in extent. To maximise the utilisation of soil and sunlight in the coconut garden, intercropping can be adopted with a variety of crops like pineapple, banana, elephant foot yam, groundnut, chillies, sweet potato, tapioca etc. 0000000016 00000 n H�0���.��H�;�8"� ��g 0000027786 00000 n (B) Coconut + cocoa cropping model (square planting). As per the farmer's opinion, a profit of nearly Rs 80,000-1,20,000 can be earned through intercropping. It is considered a commercial crop under the Key 51 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 53 /H [ 900 343 ] /L 393562 /E 96708 /N 4 /T 392424 >> endobj xref 51 23 0000000016 00000 n Growing a number of other crops in association with coconuts is a widespread practice in all coconut-growing areas of the country. 1538 34 Intercropping in the coconut garden has to be done based on the availability of sunlight. 0000033649 00000 n intercropping of medicinal and aromatic plants. When you stop to think about it intercropping lik… - The three common planting systems or arrangements-square, rectangular and triangular (Magat, 1990). 0000003405 00000 n Intercropping of ornamentals with perennial trees like coconut is favourable in recent days. 0000002867 00000 n endstream endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 905 /CapHeight 0 /Descent -211 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -665 -325 2028 1006 ] /FontName /IJGDOK+Arial /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 0 /FontFile2 66 0 R >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 46 /Widths [ 278 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /IJGDOK+Arial /FontDescriptor 62 0 R >> endobj 64 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 25378 /Length1 41912 >> stream The corn grows tall and acts as a support for the pole beans. An Indigenous intercropping technique called "three sisters" involves planting corn, pole beans, and squash in the same spot. startxref 0000004775 00000 n 0000004186 00000 n Mango plantations in drought prone Barind areas intercropped with rice 22. endstream endobj 1570 0 obj<>/Size 1538/Type/XRef>>stream 0 In other words, intercropping is the cultivation of two or more crops simultaneously on the same field. Coconut Intercropping Guide No. Jeevamrutham:How to prepare Jeevamrutham-an organic manure? The cost of growing brinjal in one acre plantation is around Rs 40,000-50,000. � ���>�a�a�o���i\���i�%-�-�- Ot�^�1���mrzH��sу�~��i��~��bS�Yb�;��M��.�����K� �ԋ��W�G?��j �E*����,4O���"�q�Չ�7�9�U�`ָLl@�怢��d1Ix��p��O����4�����I��]�;�X��c�gq��#��9�}h�ᄟ(�tH&H"�mʫˋ Below 7 years of age : Any suitable annual crop for particular soil type and climatic condition may be raised as intercrops upto 5 years after planting depending upon the canopy coverage. 0000003442 00000 n 0000002081 00000 n intercropping in coconut. 0000052888 00000 n Intercropping of potato with Litchi 20. Close. 0000005202 00000 n Coconut is a major commercial crop of Sri Lanka. 0 ha in size and more than 90 % of them are less than . The canopy size, age and spacing of the coconut are also to be considered. Intercropping in Coconut Orchard: In Coconut Farming, to maximize the utilization of soil and sunlight in the coconut garden, intercropping can be adopted with a variety of crops like pineapple , banana , elephant foot yam , groundnut, chillies , sweet potato , tapioca, etc. In his 3.5 ha coconut garden he cultivates 200 coconut trees along with a wide variety of intercrops like banana, vegetables, tuber crops, spices, fruit crops etc. 0000040538 00000 n A field experiment was conducted at Coconut Research Station, Veppankulam in 36 years old coconut garden to explore the possibility of intercropping herbal plants. During 10-22 years of age of the palms, crop like colocasia which can %PDF-1.3 %���� x�b```b``}������� Ȁ �@16�N��%��8\^��!� ��ݟ٣i�cbW��)�Nn�y.��0�q���>�ؤP��,�&�#�(;��c�b�\��� ˭4Ʀ@�~��im�. 0000075787 00000 n Coconut based intercropping system: Coconut garden with wider spacing of 7.5 x 7.5m utilized only 12.57 m2/ palm (22.24%) and 50% of solar radiation. Complementary should exist between the component crops. 0000040744 00000 n Where as lowest nut yield was recorded in coconut sole crop (Farmers practice) during three year as compared to intercropping system in coconut garden trailer << /Size 74 /Info 49 0 R /Root 52 0 R /Prev 392414 /ID[<90385f852981c090e66434917f5022af><8dd729c7780423865237f69837109afd>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 52 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 48 0 R /Metadata 50 0 R /PageLabels 47 0 R >> endobj 72 0 obj << /S 153 /L 256 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 73 0 R >> stream Samrudhi – an ideal intercrop in coconut garden Mr. Narayana Pillai, Vembanad, of Chettikulangara Panchayath, is a progressive farmer. Apple-soybean Intercropping 19. 0000010599 00000 n Another take on intercropping is to sow or plant between vegetables whose spacing and/or leaves naturally allow plenty of light to reach the ground so that seedlings of a later-season crop can find their feet while the earlier crop is in its final weeks of growth. It responds to similar irrigation and manuring systems as coconut and also comparatively free from serious pests and diseases except … Intercropping of foot yam and pomegranate in coconut garden 23. In this system, land is ... Garden-type of planting during the wet season is mainly devoted for seed purposes. r�fP�5����v�`�)����Vs �:��7N�,��u��bҎ�@bU@�����Gj������ k� � The management and performance of selected fodder crops (the bajra napier hybrid Co 3 (Pennisetum glaucum × P. purpureum), Guinea grass (Panicum maximum), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), stylosanthes (Stylosanthes guianensis, S. scabra, S. hamata cv. Try. 0000001774 00000 n H�\UtMg����so�D4H�o�$�h��$�D3�D� ���#h ��P�t*��5���N1թx��E��(ʚUmG��]�v�^g���g��{�o��K��2��]'J=l�����܌�W upto 8-10 years. Intercropping of medicinal plants In coconut garden . The principle of intercropping is opportunism. 0000046738 00000 n Abstract A field experiment conducted at Horticultural Research Station, Kahikuchi of Assam Agricultural University revealed the performance of medicinal and aromatic plants grown as intercrops in 32 year old Assam Green Tall coconut garden. 0000040206 00000 n 0000002676 00000 n A. in the holdings. Coconut in India is primarily a crop of small farmers and about 98% of the cocon ut holdings in the cou ntry ~ less than 2. 1538 0 obj <> endobj Intercropping in Coconut Orchard: In Coconut Farming, to maximize the utilization of soil and sunlight in the coconut garden, intercropping can be adopted with a variety of crops like pineapple , banana , elephant foot yam , groundnut, chillies , sweet potato , tapioca, etc. 0000065196 00000 n 3 1. 0000001624 00000 n 0000003744 00000 n The income derived from such small holdings 1.0 . Depends on type of soil, water availability, market and labor supply. Spatial arrangement of intercrops in coconut garden. 0000005412 00000 n 0000004466 00000 n 0000001397 00000 n Intercropping is a multiple cropping practice that involves growing two or more crops in proximity. 0000000900 00000 n 0000003183 00000 n The possible intercrops in coconut garden include perennial, biennial and seasonals including medicinal and aromatic plants. During 10-22 years of age of the nature of the country 8 years, there is progressive! Coconut is a good light transmission and annual / biennial crops can be raised as intercrops also. The three common planting systems or arrangements-square, rectangular and triangular ( Magat, 1990 ) colocasia which can of... Under the Key intercropping of medicinal and aromatic crops in association with coconuts is a widespread practice in coconut-growing! Into consideration before selecting an intercrop s canopy of fronds, and its system... 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